What is ASP.NET?

ASP.NET is a part of the Microsoft .Net platform and a platform based on web development, which provides its users a programming model, a complete software infrastructure and various services needed to build up robust web applications for PC and various mobile devices.

The working of ASP.NET is done on top of the HTTP protocol, and to set a browser-to-server bilateral communication and cooperation, ASP.NET use the HTTP commands and policies.

The ASP.NET applications are compiled codes, which are documented using the extensible and reusable components or objects present in .Net framework. These codes can use the overall hierarchy of classes in .Net framework.

The ASP.NET application codes can be represented in below languages.

  • C#
  • Visual Basic.Net
  • Unified messaging
  • J-script
  • J#

The use of ASP.NET is done for producing interactive, data-driven web applications over the internet. For creating HTML pages, ASP.NET consists of a large number of controls such as text boxes, buttons, and labels for assembling, configuring, and manipulating codes.

Overview- ASP.NET Web Forms Model

What ASP.NET web forms do?

ASP.NET forms expand the event-driven model of interaction to the web applications. In this process, the browser used to submit a web form to the web server and in response the server returns a full markup page or HTML page.

The clients who are performing side user activities are redirected to the server for stateful processing. The outputs of the client actions are processed by the server and triggers the responses.

Now, HTTP is known as a stateless protocol. ASP.NET framework support in accumulating the information in concern to the state of the application, which consists of:

  • Page state
  • Session state

The page state is somewhat like the state of the client, which means the content of numerous input fields in the web form.

The session state is the total amount of information collected through the user visits and working on a particular page.

This way, the server becomes aware of the overall application state and operates in a two-tiered connected way.

The ASP.NET Component Model

The ASP.NET component model consists of different building blocks of ASP.NET pages. In other words, it is basically an object model, which describes:

  • Server side counterparts of merely all HTML elements or tags, such as form and input.
  • Server controls, which provides a complex user-interface. For example, the Calendar control or the Gridview control.

ASP.NET performs its functioning on the .Net framework and contains all web-related functionalities. The .Net framework is structured by an object-oriented hierarchy. An ASP.NET web applications are manufactured by pages. When a user request an ASP.NET page, the IIS minister the processing of the page to the ASP.NET runtime system.

Further on, The ASP.NET runtime modifies the .aspx page into precedent of a class, which inherits from the base class page of the .Net framework. Therefore, each ASP.NET page is an object and all its peripherals including server-side controls are also objects.

The MVC Programming Model

MVC stands for Model View Controller and is one of the best framework for building web applications using the MVC design. In detail, Model represents the application core, View displays the data and Controller handles the input.

MVC has full control over HTML, CSS, and JavaScript and it describes web applications into 3 logic layers, which includes: 

The business layer (Model logic)

The display layer (View logic)

The input control (Controller logic)

The Model makes a control over the logic for the application data. Often model objects rescued data from a database.

The View is the parts of the application that manages the display of the data. Very often, the views are designed from the model data.

The Controller is the part of the application that manages the process of user interaction. The controller figure out the data from a view, control user input, and send the input data to the model.

New Features in ASP.NET

  • Like your earlier ASP.Net, you don’t need to rebuild your project to check the effects, as now it used Roslyn compiler feature.
  • Now we can easily migrate and deploy our project using cloud ready configuration.
  • Now ASP.Net has open source in github, which indicates that you can find code of asp.net 5 from github, and make the repository of your project on github just live svn.
  • ASP.NET uses 3 types of run time engine
    • Full .Net CLR
    • Core CLR
    • Cross Platform CLR
  • Using CLR, now you can run new and old version code together.
  • Without adding assemblies in references, directly add an assembly name with version in project.json file. Intelligence.
  • No need to write different code for all three technologies.
  • ASP.NET 5 uses new http pipeline, which uses less overhead in the pipeline and improves http performance.
  • ASP.NET 5 can use dependency injection, i.e. can replace the module with another module without developing the client.
  • ASP.NET 5 can run older version asp.net application without modification of any code except mvc6 and signal r 3, as they use the new http pipeline.

Top 10 Imperative Benefits of using ASP.NET

  • Reduces the amount of code required to build large applications.
  • Applications are safe and secured through built-in Windows authentication and per-application configuration.
  • Enhance the performance by making use of binding, just-in-time compilation, native optimization, and caching services right out of the box.
  • Provides features like WYSIWYG editing, drag-and-drop server controls, and automatic deployment.
  • Provides simplicity so that ASP.NET can easily perform common tasks.
  • The combination of source code and HTML used to easily maintain and write ASP.NET pages.
  • All the processes are closely monitored and managed by the ASP.NET.
  • Provides purely server-side technology for ASP.NET code execution on the server.
  • Allows to choose the language that best applies to an application or partition an application across many languages.
  • No need to register components, as the configuration information is built-in.

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